Terminology

images16KYOKUSHIN KARATE TERMINOLOGY 

空手用語

KIHON  WAZA BASIC  TECHNIQUES 基本技
Tsuki Punch (thrust) 突き
Uchi Strike 打ち
Uke Block 受け
Keri / Geri Kick 蹴り
BUKI WEAPONS 武器
Ashi Foot or Leg
Chusoku Ball (middle) of the Foot 中足
Haisho Backhand 背掌
Haisoku Instep of the Foot 背足
Haito Inner Knife Hand 背刀
Hiji Elbow
Hiraken Flat Fist 平拳
Hiza Knee
Kakato Heel
Keiko Chicken Beak 鶏口
Koken Wrist Top 弧拳
Kote Forearm 篭手
Nakayubi Ippon Ken Middle Finger Knuckle Fist 中指一本拳
Nukite Spear Hand 貫手
Oyayubi Ippon Ken Thumb Knuckle Fist 親指一本拳
Ryutoken Dragon’s Head Fist 竜頭拳
Seiken Forefist (correct fist) 正拳
Shotei Palm Heel 掌低
Shuto Knife Hand 手刀
Sokuto Outside Edge of the Foot 足刀
Sune Shin
Te Hand
Teisoku Arch of the Foot 低足
Tettsui Hammer Fist 鉄槌
Toho Sword Peak Hand 刀峰
Uraken Backfist 裏拳
NERAIDOKORO  KOGEKIHOKO TARGETS  &  DIRECTIONS 狙い所
Age Rising 上げ
Ago Chin or Jaw
Atama Head
Chudan Middle Level 中段
Ganmen Face 顔面
Gedan Lower Level 下段
Hidari Left
Hizo Spleen 脾臓
Jodan Upper Level 上段
Kake Hooked 掛け
Kansetsu Joint (of limb) 関節
Kintama (Kin) Groin, Testicles
(gold jewels) 金玉
Komekami Temple こめかみ
Kubi Neck
Mae Front, Forward
Mawashi Round, Circular 回し
Me Eyes
Migi Right
Nodo Throat
Oroshi Descending 下ろし
Sakotsu Collarbone 鎖骨
Sayu Left and Right 左右
Soto Outside
Tobi Jumping 飛び
Uchi Inside 打ち
Ura Reverse, Backwards
Ushiro Back (direction) 後ろ
Yoko Side (direction)
TACHIKATA STANCES 立ち方
Yoi Dachi Ready Stance 用意立ち
Fudo Dachi Immobile Stance 不動立ち
Zenkutsu Dachi Forward Leaning Stance 前屈立ち
Uchi Hachiji Dachi Inside Character “8″ Stance 内八字立ち
Sanchin Dachi Three Point Stance 三戦立ち
Kokutsu Dachi Back Leaning Stance 後屈立ち
Musubi Dachi Open Foot (connected) Stance 結び立ち
Kiba Dachi Horseback Stance 騎馬立ち
Neko Ashi Dachi Cat Stance 猫足立ち
Tsuru Ashi Dachi Crane Stance 鶴足立ち
Moro Ashi Dachi One Foot Forward (two-foot) Stance 諸足立ち
Heisoku Dachi Closed Foot Stance 閉足立ち
Heiko Dachi Parallel Stance 平行立ち
Kake Dachi Hooked Stance 掛け立ち
Soto Hachiji Dachi Outside Character “8″ Stance 外八字立ち
Shiko Dachi Sumo Stance 四股立ち
Kumite Dachi Fighting Stance 組手立ち
Han Mi Half Body Stance 半身
Migi Ashi Mae Right Foot Forward 右足前
Hidari Ashi Mae Left Foot Forward 左足前
TSUKI  WAZA PUNCHING TECHNIQUES 突き技
Seiken Forefist 正拳
Oi Tsuki Lunge Punch 追い突き
Morote Tsuki Two-Handed Punch 諸手突き
Gyaku Tsuki Reverse Punch 逆突き
Tate Tsuki Vertical Punch 立て突き
Jun Tsuki Side (corresponding) Punch 準突き
Shita Tsuki Lower Punch 下突き
UCHI  WAZA STRIKING  TECHNIQUES 打ち技
Seiken Forefist 正拳
Ago Uchi Chin / Jaw Strike 顎打ち
Furi Uchi Hook Strike 振り打ち
Tettsui Hammer Fist 鉄槌
Oroshi Ganmen  Uchi Descending Face  Strike 下ろし顔面打ち
Komekami Uchi Temple Strike こめかみ打ち
Hizo Uchi Spleen Strike 脾臓打ち
Mae Yoko Uchi Forward Side Strike 前横打ち
Yoko Uchi Side Strike 横打ち
Uraken Backfist 裏拳
Ganmen Uchi Face Strike 顔面打ち
Sayu Uchi Left and Right Strike 左右打ち
Hizo Uchi Spleen Strike 脾臓打ち
Oroshi Ganmen Uchi Descending Face Strike 下ろし顔面打ち
Mawashi Uchi Roundhouse Strike 回し打ち
Nihon Nukite Two-Fingered Spear Hand 二本貫手
Yonhon Nukite Four-Fingered Spear Hand 四本貫手
Shotei Uchi Palm Heel Strike 掌低打ち
Shuto Knife Hand 手刀
Sakotsu Uchi Collarbone Strike 鎖骨打ち
Yoko Ganmen Uchi Side Face Strike 横顔面打ち
Sakotsu Uchikomi Collarbone Driving    Strike 鎖骨打ち込み
Uchi Uchi Inside Strike 内打ち
Hiji Ate Elbow Strike 肘当て
Mae Hiji Ate Forward Elbow Strike 前肘当て
Age Hiji Ate Rising Elbow Strike 上げ肘当て
Ushiro Hiji Ate Backwards Elbow Strike 後ろ肘当て
Oroshi Hiji Ate Descending Elbow Strike 下ろし肘当て
UKE  WAZA BLOCKING  TECHNIQUES 受け技
Jodan Uke Upper Block 上段受け
Gedan Barai Lower Parry 下段払い
Chudan Uchi Uke Middle Area Inside Block 中段内受け
Chudan Soto Uke Middle Area Outside Block 中段外受け
Morote Chudan Uchi Uke Two-Handed Middle Area Inside Block 諸手中段内受け
Shuto Uke Knife Hand Block 手刀受け
Juji Uke Crossed Block 十字受け
Kake Uke Hooked Block 掛け受け
Shotei Uke Palm Heel Block 掌低受け
Mawashi Uke Circular Block 回し受け
KERI  WAZA KICKING  TECHNIQUES 蹴り技
Hiza Ganmen Geri Knee Face Kick 膝顔面蹴り
Kin Geri Groin Kick 金蹴り
Mae Geri Front Kick 前蹴り
Mae Keage Front Rising Kick 前蹴上げ
Soto Mawashi Geri Outside Crescent Kick 外回し蹴り
Uchi Mawashi Geri Inside Crescent Kick 内回し蹴り
Yoko Keage Side Rising Kick 横蹴上げ
Mawashi Geri Roundhouse Kick 回し蹴り
Kansetsu Geri Joint Kick 関節蹴り
Yoko Geri Side Kick 横蹴り
Ushiro Geri Back Kick 後ろ蹴り
Mae Kakato Geri Front Heel Kick 前踵蹴り
Ago Geri Chin / Jaw Kick 顎蹴り
Tobi Mae Geri Jumping Front Kick 飛び前蹴り
KIHON  JUTSUGO BASIC  TERMINOLOGY 基本述語
Anza Relaxed Sitting 安座
Arigato Thank You ありがとう
Gozaimasu (polite) ございます
Budo Martial Way 武道
Bunkai Application (analysis) 分解
Dan Grade (Black Belt)
Dojo Training Hall (Way place) 道場
Dojo Kun Training Hall Oath 道場訓
Dogi (Gi) Karate Uniform (Way clothes) 道着
Fumiashi Step (with a change of feet) 踏み足
Hajime Begin 始め
Ibuki Forced Tension Breathing 息吹
Jissen Kumite Full-Contact Fighting 実践組手
Jiyu Kumite Free Fighting 自由組手
Kamaete Take Ready Position 構えて
Karate Empty Hand 空手
Kata Form
Ki Inner Energy
Kiai Explosive Scream 気合い
Kiai Irete With Explosive Energy 気合い入れて
Kihon Basics 基本
Kihon Waza Basic Techniques 基本技
Kime Focus 決め
Koohai Junior Student 後輩
Kokusai International 国際
Koosa Switch (i.e. switch stance L to R or R to L) 交差
Kootai Switch (i.e. partners switch places in a drill) 交代
Kumite Fight 組手
Kyokushin Ultimate Truth 極真
Kyu Rank (below Black Belt)
Maai Interval (between opponents) 間合い
Makiwara Striking Post (straw wrapped) 巻き藁
Mawatte Turn 回って
Mokuso Meditation (silent thought) 黙想
Mugorei No Counting (no commands) 無号令
Mushin Without Thought (no mind) 無心
Naore Return to Starting Position なおれ
Nogare Calm Controlled Breathing のがれ
Obi Belt (sash)
Okuriashi Shuffle Step (sending foot) 送り足
Onegaishimasu Please (polite) おねがいします
Osu Patience and Determination 押忍
Otagai Each Other お互い
Rei (…ni Rei) Bow (Bow to…)
Renmei Federation 連盟
Renma Polishing, Training 練磨
Renraku Combinations 連絡
Seishin Spirit 精神
Seiza Formal Kneeling (correct sitting) 正座
Sempai Senior (1st & 2nd Dan) 先輩
Sensei Teacher (born before) (3rd & 4th Dan) 先生
Shomen Front (correct face) of the Dojo 正面
Shihan Expert (5th, 6th & 7th Dan) 師範
Sosai President 総裁
Tameshiwari Breaking Test 試し割り
Tanden Center of Body (below navel) 丹田
Waza Technique(s)
Yame Stop 止め
Yasume Rest, at Ease 休め
Yooi Ready 用意
Yudansha Black Belt Holder 有段者
Zanshin Remain Alert (remaining mind) 斬新
TAIKAI  JUTSUGO TOURNAMENT  TERMINOLOGY 大会述語
Aka Red
Awasete Ippon Adds Up to One Point 合わせて一本
Chui Warning 注意
Encho Overtime Round (extension) 延長
Fukushin Corner Judge (assistant referee) 副審
Fukushin Shugo Referees’ Conference 副審集合
Genten Penalty 減点
Hantei Decision 判定
Hikiwake Draw, Tie 引き分け
Ippon One Point 一本
Kachi Win 勝ち
Senshuken Taikai Championship Tournament 選手権大会
Shikkaku Disqualification 失格
Shiro White
Shushin Referee 主審
Waza Ari Half Point (has a technique) 技あり
Zokko Resume Fighting 続行
KAZU NUMBERS
Ichi One
Ni Two
San Three
Shi, Yon Four
Go Five
Roku Six
Shichi, Nana Seven
Hachi Eight
Ku / Kyu Nine
Ju Ten
Sanju Thirty 三十
Hyaku Hundred
Sen Thousand
Man Ten Thousand

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